The Ferdinand Porsche Museum – Fahr(T)raum

The Ferdinand Porsche Museum – Fahr(T)raum

The Ferdinand Porsche Museum calles Fahr(T)raum in Mattsee, Salzburg

There is a great and new museum in the area: The Fahr(T)raum, north of Salzburg shows you the innovation and the most famous creations of Ferdinand Porsche.

inside the Fahr(t)raum museum

We are sure you that everybody who likes vehicles, or is a fan of innovations and some great memories will love this place. It is a place for young and more mature “children”, or just a feast for the inner child to get ideas and how to realize them.

a fascination of technique, Innovation and Creations

The Fahr(T)raum in Mattsee combines many things: One of the first car creation from Ferdinand Porsche, to trucks and tractors that he developed, as well as his creations of cars during the first and second world war and the different milestones of Ferdinand Porsches innovation’s career. You will discover many new things and aspects about this innovative man and learn definitely a lot.

Ferdinand Porsche was born in 1875 and moved to Vienna where he went to a higher technical school and participated at some lectures (without being inscribed to the University) at the technical University go Vienna. He learned there some basics and tried immediately to put it into practice. Already in 1893 he worked for an electrical company in Vienna and his career developed quickly. He started to develop already the first hub engine and patented it in 1896. In 1899 he worked for the Lohner company where he developed the Lohner Porsche, the first electrical car, the first 4wheel drive and the first hybrid car. In 1906 he moved to Austro Daimler where developed the first passenger cars, flight engines and sportive cars. In 1908 he won the first reliability race and many sportive cars until 1923 when he moved to Daimler Mercedes in Stuttgart where he even became part of the board of Directors. In 1928 he dropped out of Mercedes Daimler and opened his own construction and design office. During the second world war he developed the KdF car which was also used for the VW beetle and the collaboration continues until in 1946 he decided to construct with his son Ferry the first Porsche, the model 356 in Austria. He remained in Austria while his son founded the Porsche company in Stuttgart. He died in 1951 and was buried in the family estate in Zell am See, close to Salzburg.

The museum shows a long history, has many installations with more background and side exhibitions of the history and achievements of Ferdinand Porsche.

Ernst and Elisabeth Piech

opening of the Fahrtraum museum in Mattseee by Ernst and Elisabeth Piece

drive out at fahrtraum

The fascination of antique cars and machines

The exhibition of these cars is in an old storage hall but will be also added for a new exhibition space to show also the airplanes and the engines that Ferdinand Porsche developed. The most surprising part for us is to see that many technologies that we are now selling as new ideas have already existed and have been developed. Nowadays we have evolved some of the achievements of Ferdinand Porsche but in the basis it is still the same. The Hub engine are used in the formula1 but who know if that is also coming back in future cars.

But the museum does not only show the innovations of Ferdinand Porsche, also besides cars but has one of the biggest collection Porsche tractors and also some of the trucks that Ferdinand Porsche has helped. Besides the machines and cars there are many things to entertain also the younger, or remained younger guests with a live race of vintage cars, one of the biggest public Carrera race track to play with and to experience the fascination of mobile technology.

The Fahr(T)raum at Mattsee also offers a unique experience for most of the museums: You can also book a drive around the lake district area with one of the antique cars to experience how driving was in former times. The roads were unfortunately not as good as we have them nowadays but the experience of driving on nowadays roads with an antique car is unique and definitely special. You will also experience and see some of the best picture spots of the northern lake district area of Salzburg.

Come and experience a unique museum and get inspired for innovations and new technologies. Maybe you will also see that the boarder of not developing a new thing is mostly our imagination and not the possibility to create something new. A dream can also be to just not growing up and keeping the toys or to create something lasting for the next generations.

Before the exit there is the possibility to enjoy a coffee in the cafeteria or to enjoy the library and looking through one of the books that bring you closer of how other people realized their dreams or their innovations.

Enjoy the world of Ferdinand Porsche and experience the drive with one of the antique cars: feel, smell and touch it.

Austro Daimler

Drive with us to Mattsee during a day tour from Salzburg and enjoy the tour with the combination f the Hanger7 and enjoy a pastry and soft drink on one of the nicest locations of the lake district area of Salzburg: The historical palace of Fuschl. Learn more about what Salzburg has to offer besides the town and it’s movie and musical history. We are looking forward to meet you here in Salzburg, or Austria. Best regards and a good travel Be special Tours!

 

Ice caves Werfen

Ice caves Werfen

The world’s biggest ice caves in Werfen

Here in Werfen – high up in the mountains – there is a hidden jewel within the mountain: The biggest ice caves of the world

inside of the ice caves of Werfen

a fascination of Ice and a cave in the Austrian Alps

This cave is not only a fascinating and big cave but already the way getting there is very interesting. There is a steep road already driving the the parking from where a new designed entrance hall welcomes you and where you can see already some of the nicest crystals that have been found n the area. After that the walk to the cable car takes you either on the side of the mountain with great views or choose to go through a newly constructed tunnel and see structure of the mountain and see the different stone colors. The cable car is one of the steepest in Austria and was used also in the movie “where eagle’s dare” with the old cabins. Due to new regulations a new cable car has been installed and brings you up in safety and faster. After getting out of the cable car a restaurant with typically Austrian specialities and the hike to the entrance of the ice caves. The hike takes about 15 minutes and shows you very scenic and great views down to the Salzach river valley, the village of Werfen and the surrounding mountains. The hike from the valley up to the entrance of the Ice caves takes about 2,5h and is for well-trained hikers. First time, it was hiked was at the beginning of the 19th century when hiking became a new sport. Already in the 15th century relicts show that farmers used this path to bring cows up to the top of the mountain where food and deserted areas helped farmers to make a new living.

The first time the ice caved were discovered was in the second half of the 19th century due to the lack of interest in cave discovery and also due to the very exposed location. In the year 1879 the discoverer Anton Posselt-Czorich went by himself over 600feet into the cave and issued a book about his discovery.

Only in the year 1913 some more discoverer went into the cave. After the first world war the real discovery of the cave, the very long cave system and the possibility to constructing a way for discovering the cave and to make it open for visitors.

The touristic importance was already discovered in the 1920ies with the installation of a hut for people to sleep in and for discovery. Already in 1924 a very big house was constructed and brought for people the possibility to sleep there and do discoveries of the cave.

With the increasing popularity of the cave, better paths and more important installations were made to open it for the public. It is owned by the Austrian forest organization (a state owned company) and a high percentage of the entrance fees is going every year to this organization.

In the year 2020 an incident with falling rocks happened on the way to the ice caves and therefore new security measures for the way have been installed and will be done to guarantee a constant and safe way to the cave and back.

With a continue increase of tourist in the year 1955 a cable car was installed to overcome the steepest and most difficult part of the path and lasted until the year 2010 when a new, more secure and more efficient cable car was installed.

the ice caves of Werfen with guide

The fascination of ice and the cave

Why do the people come in this cave every year and see the fascination of ice and the darkness of the caves? The reason is jus very simple: History and the discover of the heritage and the development of the earth. Ice is the best possibility to discover different times and water contains most of the world’s DNA. With a flame ice shows the most important and fascinating aspect: light and colors. It is the most fascinating part of visiting the cave to see the different ice formations that are lighted by the guides.

The development of the cave is a still ongoing process, even if only very few inches per year the cave is still increasing as is being developed. It has been developed over 100 million years ago due to the water erosion it cute out the cave under the mountain. Over thousands of years the cave was expanded very fast. Nowadays due to the lack of the high  quality of water within the mountain it is expanded only very few. Nowadays about 27miles of the cave have been discovered and explored.

The ice cave is a dynamic ice formation and changes it’s outlook every year a bit. Due to winds, amount of water per winter, etc the ice figures can be changed and newly formatted. Each year the gate into the ice caves remain open during the winter in order to allow the ice to create the fascinating ice figures.

In the time between May and End of October you can discover the ice caves. Please be aware to take a jacket with you due to the temperature difference at the entrance it may happen that you have heavy winds at the entrance. But this is only at the entrance soon afterwards there is no more wind inside. The ice can be easily overcome by just walking up the stairs.

Entrance to the ice caves

Drive with us to the Ice caves Werfen and enjoy a spectacular walk to the Ice caves and enjoy the fascination of Ice and lots of history. Learn more about this area and the Salzach valley. We are looking forward to meet you here in Salzburg. Best regards and a good travel Be Special Tours!

Mozart’s birthplace

Mozart’s birthplace

Mozart’s Birthplace in Salzburg

Salzburg is all about Mozart, the most famous son of this town. You will find Mozart almost everywhere in the old town of Salzburg: From a giant mozart ball, to the mozart’s square, the mozart’s bridge, the Mozart’s balls and the mozart ducks. But there are also two very important buildings: The Mozart’s living house where the family of Mozart lived before moving to Vienna and the even more famous Mozart’s birthplace. Nowadays a museum to show the life of Mozart, his work and the life of Mozart in Salzburg.

The museum is on 3 floors in the building in which Mozart was born: On the first floor you will learn about the travels of the family Mozart and the lifestyle. In the 18th century it was something very unusual where traveling was very difficult and very long. The studies proofed that Mozart was traveling for about 11 years of his life and had definitely a traveling bug. But these travels also influenced his life, his creativity and also his operas. The life in the 18th century was not easy but Mozart made this life easier and took it with more humor.

The birthplace of Mozart also demonstrates that the family of Mozart was a very good middle class family and had a clean and nice apartment and lived quite well for that time. The ceiling was not very high but since it had in each room an oven the rooms were very warm and comfortable. The family is also a typically family at that time when families had lots of children but unfortunately the child’s death rate was extremely high. Mozart’s mother Anna Maria gave birth to 7 children and only 2 out of them became older than 2 years. It was nothing unusual at that time due to the fact that many children died very early.

Mozart's birthplace Salzburg

The Mozart’s birthplace shows very nice and in a good way some original arts of the Mozart family, see the violin which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was supposed to play because before he was able to play the piano he learned the violin. It shows also the life in Vienna in which Mozart lived his creativity and enjoyed his life more. On the second floor on which also a souvenir shop has been installed the operas and theaters of Mozart and how he imagined that his operas should be performed. Each room and exhibition item has an explanation in german and english besides. In addition it is possible to download an app for free and having all the explanations in other languages and to repeat then at home any time you want. So enjoy the Mozart’s birthplace and enjoy to get more into the life of the 18th century, the circumstances and the mastermind of Mozart!

The tickets and dates you get directly at Bespecialtours. Have fun in Salzburg with Be Special Tours!

salt mines Bad Dürrnberg

salt mines Bad Dürrnberg

The Saltmines near Salzburg – Hallein

About 20 minutes away from the city of Salzburg you’ll find something very special in this area. Near Hallein, an old celtic city, you can visit the saltmine of Bad Dürrnberg. Right beside a small old celtic village (no we are not with asterix and obelix – that was in another part of Europe). Here on the mountain besides a sleepy church you can change your feeling and go back in time. Down under in the land of the minerals.

Salzwelten – salt mine Bad Duerrnberg

The Salinen Austria AG may be the oldest company in the world. Already 7000 years before the saltmines in Hallstatt were in use. As the Salinen Austria AG are still the only one allowed to take the salt out of the mountains, you can call them the oldest company.

Here on the Dürrnberg the actual entry ‘Obersteinbergstollen’ was opened in 1543. At the beginning you drive in with a train and the first meeting point with the prince archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau is 600 meters (ca. 1.800 ft.) in the mountain and 120m (360 ft.) under the earth. The mine has become Austria’s largest and the world’s oldest exhibition mine. Already in the 17th century visitors were authorized to see the salt mines.

a guided tour through the saltmines

The funniest thing for the kids will be the slide. Here you have the opportunity to use the same ways as the old miners centuries ago and have fun where they in former times had to do hard work.

saltmines with slide

The most impressive station will be for sure the salt lake which you’ll cross within the mine on a boat. Enjoy the feeling to ride a boat on 27% salt brine – more than the death sea – and enjoy the experience to be under day light. Go away from rain or fog outside and relax in a very well (natural) air conditioned area.

salt lake Salzburg

Of course, they have some surprises for you, which I will not mention here. Be sure, the guides are personal and individual and in english language you can enjoy the tour with funny correspondence without an audio guide. Best regards and a nice trip with Bespecialtours! See you in the mine!

 

100 years of the Salzburg music festival

100 years of the Salzburg music festival

The Salzburg music festival – a success story already for more than 100 years

Each year he Salzburg music festival brings many exquisit and high class musicians to the town of Salzburg. Many famous singers from Pavarotti, over Carreras, to Domingo sang already in Salzburg. Orchestras like the Vienna philharmonic, the Berlin and Dresden philharmonics and many more come each year to Salzburg to perform and to bring some of the highest class classical music into the town.  It is also a very important economical factor for the city and the surroundings for tourism, as well as for all the shops, restaurants, hotels. It is estimated that this could have a value of several hundred millions of euros.

Already in the time of the baroque music played an important role in Salzburg. From the time as the Salzburg’s prince archbishops invited many musicians from all over Europe to entertain them and their guests. Mozart, who was born in Salzburg helped for sure to establish Salzburg as a center for music and as a place for a musician to become famos.

In the year 1920, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Max Reinhardt and Richard Strauss decided to create a short music festival in the summer in Salzburg, as most of the bog opera houses are closed to hold some outside performances in Salzburg, the former music town. Without the intervention of the former major and patron of the state of Salzburg Rehrl and the archbishop of Salzburg it would not have been possible to get the locations to perform. It all started with the theater production of Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s Jedermann, a theatre that talks about the dying of rich man that still evades the death. The piece has been firstly performed in 1911 in Berlin and is a fix performance each year in the Salzburg festival on the Dom square. At the beginning there were just 5 performance in the middle of August with 2 extra performances for locals outside of the festival week. Already one year later chamber and orchestra music performances were added. In the year 1922 also operas and other music performances were added and the Salzburg music festival became famos also outside the Austrian boarders. The festival took then the whole month of August.

Unfortunately during the years from 1938 until 1944 meant dramatical changes for the festival of Salzburg, as many actors and also performances had the be change or adjust according to the regime of that time and in the year 1944 no performance took place.

Already in the year 1945 in a ver small version the Salzburg Music festival took place. The rock riding school and the small festival house were reconstructed and adapted for high quality performances and more people to attend without lost of quality. In these years there were 3 people that changed the direction of the Salzburg music festival and opened it up for international performances and stars. Karl Böhm (until 1980), Herbert vonKarajan (until 1989) and Gerard Mortier (until 2001). These three people made Salzburg internationally a hotspot for VIPs, international classical music stars and new interpretations that would have never been performed in a classical and non-open Salzburg of that time. One of the most successful festival was in 2006 when all of the Mozart operas and many other music pieces of Mozart have been performed as a contribution to Mozart’s 250th birthday.

opening of festival

the opening ceremony on the residence square of Salzburg.

Since the year 1992 the Salzburg music festival opened up for your talents, new performances and side plays, such as the Szene, young performance artists, the play of the Moz-Art, the modern theatre interpretations and the Brockhouse for pop and rock music. This is not directly supported by the festival but in a n indirect way. Since 1994 the festival dialog has opened up the new way of performance in Salzburg. 1998 the new fix point of poets as guests has been established. The 2002 young directors project should give young international artists to get their first director’s experience and to show it to a big audience. Since 2007 we have the Youth! Arts! Science! movement so that students from different facilities can work together for new performances and interpretations. One of the most important projects is the 2008 established young singer’s project that supports international young singers to make it to the big performance halls in the world and in the same year the Festival’s children’s choir has been established. The Salzburg festival therefore shows that it is ready for the new generations and for a perfect mix of classical elements with more modern elements.

the rock riding school

Salzburger Festspiele, Salzburg festival performance in the rock riding school

For the centennial production a big program with many performances and new interpretations has been developed and was supposed to take place from the 21st of July until the end of August. It would have been one of the most spectacular and intense program Salzburg has ever seen but unfortunately then the circumstance of this pandemic changed everything and caused many performances to be postponed to 2021.

Jedermann performance

Jedermann at the Dom square in Salzburg.

 

The festival time in Salzburg is always a special time. This year, with the problematic year of COVID-19 pandemic the Salzburgmusic festival takes place, with limitations to make sure to keep social distancing, with different performances and some changes in the last second but it seems that this festival has to take place not only for the economy of Salzburg but also as a sign of strength and support of artists and music. The Salzburg festival starts on the first of August and will last until the end of August.

The Salzburg music festival brings not only friends of classical music together but also people that invite their business partners and their clients to have a relaxing and great time in Salzburg. The Salzburg music festival is sponsored already for many years by Audi, Nestlé, Siemens and others as some of the main sponsors. Therefore the state of Salzburg and the city does not has to give any financial support.

The opening of the Salzburg music festival is traditionally done by the president of the Austrian state. Tickets are many times sold out already months in advance, especially for important opera performances with big classical music stars. The program of the Salzburg music festival is normally published already 6-10months in advance and the ticket sales starts then some days later. The tickets are given out first to sponsors and supporters of the music festival and then to the public. This guarantees each year waugh tickets for everyone to have the chance to get some tickets. The ticket prices range from 25€ – 400€ and are said that on the black market go up to even 1.000€ and more for the most wanted performances.

The closure of the festival of Salzburg is traditionally done by a ball: A dinner in the residence with following dancing ball at the rock riding school of Salzburg. There is a limit of maximum 1.000 guests per year and many times give people the chance the also talk to many of the actors and singers of the Salzburg music festival with their fans and guests.

We hope you take the opportunity on your visit in Salzburg to hear one of the concerts or opera! We wish you a nice and pleasant stay in our wonderful city and hope you enjoyed the trip into the world of music. Best regards Be Special Tours!

The fortress of Salzburg

The fortress of Salzburg

The Festung Hohensalzburg / Fortress of Salzburg

At the center of this wonderful city Salzburg is the Fortress of Hohensalzburg. The fortress makes the skyline of this city unique in the world and is shown on nearly every picture of Salzburg.

But was it really built for fighting activities? What really happened up there and how many towers do they have? Answers to these questions you will find in our following blog.

fortress of Salzburg

The fortress of Hohensalzburg is over 900 years old and one of the best preserved castles from the 11th century in Europe. It is a place full of legends and stories and of course documented historical areas within the city history of Salzburg. Let’s make a view back to the times of the prince archbishops when Salzburg was the center of power north of the alps – it was also called the rome of the alps.

The impressive building is a remarkable sign of its’ former representation, aspiration and authorical political show of force from the prince archbishops. The aim of this system was to protect the principality and the archbishops from attacks. In fact, the fortress had never put their defense function to test. Most of the time lived the prince archbishops in the residence of Salzburg, the city palace in the heart of the old town.

The steep rock cone has been estimated over the centuries as a strategic location at the northern edge of the Alps. In 1077 for the first time a fortification of the residential town was built under the Archbishop Gebhard Ist of Helffenstein. The reason for this first construction was the investiture controversy (a contorversy about who is able to rule the land – the church or the king – in Europe during 1076-1122)  between the german emperor Henry IV. and Pope Gregory VII. Since this threat the Archbishop as a person responsible to the pope and the german emperor.

After Archbishop Gebhard was forced into exile in 1085, his successors have completed the construction projects. The Fortress of Hohensalzburg was built in three phases, which always opposed the development of far-reaching offensive weapons stronger fortifications. In the course of an intensive construction under Archbishop Leonard von Keutschach the fortress became in 1500 their current appearance. Under his ruling time the “High floor” was expanded in 1501 as Pallas, cisterns were created, increasing existing towers.

Today the Fortress Hohensalzburg is a popular destination and a central point for Salzburg visitors. Highlights include the magnificent state rooms, which are among the most beautiful Gothic profane rooms of Europe, the promising Reckturm with its 360-degree panorama and the Fortress Concerts in stylish surroundings. But also the actual tower blowers on Sundays over the roofs of Salzburg are a great attraction.

Moreover, it is important to discover the torture chamber, the illuminated lower chapel and the Fortress Museum. Or just stay for a few moments under the ancient lime tree in the idyllic courtyard. Definitely there are some story to tell. Ask the lime tree about the “Stierwascher”/”bull washer”.

inside of the fortress of Salzburg

But how many towers does the fortress Hohensalzburg have? What do you guess? If you know the skyline please go back to your own picture memories and try to count them.

Already under archbishop “Burkhard II. von Weißpriach” (1461 – 1466) they had 4 towers around the fortress. Glockenturm (bells tower), Trompeterturm (trumpet tower), Krautturm (cabbage tower) and Schmiedturm (forger tower).

Leonhard von Keutschach (1495 – 1519) made further building progress at the fortress as a place of power in Salzburg. He also gave the people of Salzburg the present of the “Salzburger Stier” (a big pipe organ within the cabbage tower – but not the story of the ‘bull wascher’) and built the Kuchlturm (kitchen tower and a bakery). So we count now five towers during Leonhard’s time.

the prince archbishop's rooms

Actual you get now the following overview over the fortress towers:

fortress of Salzburg from above

Seen from the city of Salzburg

  1. Reckturm: stretch tower
  2. Lead turret: a tiny turrets between stretching and belfry tower
  3. Belfry bell tower: every Friday at 11 am they ring the bell nowadays, earlier the bell warned residents of the city of fires
  4. Trumpet tower: here was a guard who watched the city and gave alarm in case of emergency; later the bugle was replaced by the discharging of a shot from a cannon;
  5. Mayor tower: which joins onto the snake passage that after artillery guns, named the culverins (smaller “agile” guns)

Inside of the castle

6.  Kuchl tower moat: built by Leonhard von Keutschach; there were a lot of cannons located

In high stick

Two (7+8) fire towers on the south and the east side of the inner castle

Seen from Neonatal
9. Sulfur tower: in a part of it the fortress restaurant is located today
10. Hasenturm (rabbit tower) (built by Prince Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach)
11.  powder tower (built by Prince Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach)
12. Geyer tower (built by Prince Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach)
13. Schmiedturm: Smith’s Tower

About the fighting activities of this impressive fortress and the legend of the bull washer we come back in the next blog. Have fun and enjoy the city of Salzburg with Be Special Tours!

view from the fortress of Salzburg